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According to the International Energy Agency, progress in electricity access is accelerating. Of the 1.2 billion people who have gained access since 2000, nearly all have gained access via connection to the main grid, with 70% of people getting access with power generated from fossil fuels; 45% coal, 19% natural gas and 7% oil (IEA, 2017). With fossil fuels still dominating the global energy mix, communities, businesses, and national governments are confronted by the energy trilemma: energy security, social equity, and environmental impact mitigation (World Energy Council, 2012). To help address this, the Clean Energy Solutions Center provides no-cost expert assistance on clean energy policy to representatives of government agencies and to technical institutes supporting them.

Relevance to SDGs

In line with Sustainable Development Goal (SDG) 7, there is a global movement to address these challenges by substantially increasing investment in renewable energy technologies and implementation, doubling the rate of improvement to energy efficiency, and changing user behaviours, with the aim to achieve absolute decoupling between energy consumption and economic growth.

Explore green growth resources related to SDG 7:

SDG 7.2
Renewable Energy
   SDG 7.3
Energy Efficiency
   SDG 7.a
      Energy R&D      


Measuring Fossil Fuel Subsidies in the Context of the Sustainable Development Goals
United Nations Environment Programme (UN Environment), International Institute for Sustainable Development (IISD)
International Renewable Energy Agency (IRENA)
United Nations Environment Programme (UN Environment)

Case Studies

Learning Products

The Frankfurt School - UNEP Collaborating Centre for Climate & Sustainable Energy Finance