Transport is a major component of economic activity in and of itself and as a factor input to most other economic activities. However, CO2 emissions from energy use are still growing in many countries and worldwide, mainly due to increases in the transport and the energy sectors. GHG emissions from the transport sector increased until the latest recession. After falling from 2007, they were at about the same level in 2012 as in 2000 for most OECD countries (OECD, 2015).
Greening the transport sector can reduce congestion, air pollution, and improve wellbeing through better management and a shift away from fossil fuel combustion engines. It has the potential to create jobs through the development of public transport infrastructure and can help alleviate poverty by encouraging affordable transport and improving access to markets and other essential facilities.
Expert assistance on sustainable transportation policy is available for representatives of government agencies and to technical institutes supporting them through the LEDS Global Partnership Remote Expert Assistance on LEDS (REAL) service.
Relevance to SDGs
Sustainable Development Goal 11, specifically target 11.2, calls for sustainable transport and increased accessibility for all. In addition, SDG 9.1 calls for more reliable and resilient transport infrastructure.