You are here

The concept of the green economy centres on integrating key aspects of economic performance – such as poverty reduction, job creation and social inclusion – with those of environmental performance. As such it inherently places a significant emphasis on gender, with women constituting approximately 70 per cent of the 1.3 billion people living on less than US$1 a day and hence the majority of those populations adversely affected by climate change and environmental degradation. Because women tend to be more dependent on common property resources (i.e. water, food or wood) and more vulnerable to the impacts of natural resource degradation than men, environmental protection and green policies can help improve gender equality, with many economic and social co-benefits.

Several studies, indicate that improving gender equality and women’s participation leads such as female education and women’s share of employment, can have a positive impact on economic growth (UN Women, 2014). It can enhance productivity, improve development outcomes for future generations, and increase the quality of societal policies and institutions, including more representative decision making.

Relevance to the SDGs

Sustainable and inclusive societies allow for economic prosperity and equal access to opportunities for all. Sustainable Development Goal (SDG) 5 aims to redress the disproportionate impact on women and girls of economic, social and environmental shocks and views women as central actors, recognising that their knowledge, agency and collective action can improve resource productivity and encourage the sustainable use of natural resources.

Explore green growth resources related to SDG 5:

SDG 5.1
    Gender equality    
   SDG 5.5
  Women leadership  


Budgeting and Public Expenditures in OECD Countries 2019
Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD)
Consortium of International Agricultural Research Centers (CGIAR)

Case Studies

SEED, United Nations Environment Programme (UN Environment), United Nations Development Programme (UNDP), International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN)
United Nations Development Programme (UNDP), Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO)

Learning Products

World Business Council for Sustainable Development (WBCSD), Social & Human Capital Coalition
World Business Council for Sustainable Development (WBCSD), Social & Human Capital Coalition


Let There Be Light International
Deutsche Gesellschaft für Internationale Zusammenarbeit (GIZ) GmbH